Socratic debate

Socratic method, also known as maieutics, method of elenchus, elenctic method, or Socratic debate, is a form of cooperative argumentative dialogue between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out ideas and underlying presumptions

Here we plan to record interesting questions we have received from the Visitors


Thursday, December 7, 2017


LNG Infrastructure and Natural Gas Transportation set to dominate developments in Southeast and South Asia
Dear Sundara,

It is highly anticipated that the number and capacity of LNG projects sanctioned in 2018 will see a sharp rise.

Indonesia, Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are anticipated to be the LNG “hotspots” for LNG-to-power and FSRU projects in 2018. With natural gas growth remaining robust in these markets, rising domestic demand for power – coupled with increasing oil price – will ensure that LNG Supply, Infrastructure and distribution projects remains on-demand, on-track and on-target.

With that in mind, it is time to mark your calendar to be active and participate at the following targeted forum in 2018, where the close-knit LNG industry will gather to take advantage of projects opportunities.

In addition, the drive and growth for Natural Gas for Vehicles, LNG for Transport and LNG Shipping will remain sustainable in 2018 – especially with the rising price of oil. 
Attend our targeted, focused and business-critical forums in 2018 including:

LNG SUPPLY, STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION SOUTH ASIA FORUM 20184-6 March 2018, Le Meridien Hotel, Dhaka, Bangladesh (click here to view the agenda)
12th NATURAL GAS VEHICLES & INFRASTRUCTURE INDONESIA FORUM & EXHIBITION19-21 March 2018, Shangri-La Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia
3nd FSRU & SMALL SCALE LNG SHIPPING FORUM 201817-19 April 2018, The Dharmawangsa Jakarta Hotel ,Jakarta, Indonesia
8th ANNUAL LNG TRANSPORT, HANDLING AND STORAGE 2018 FORUM14-17 August 2018, Padma Resort, Bali, Indonesia
5th LNG SUPPLY, TRANSPORT & STORAGE PHILIPPINES 2018 FORUM, 13-15 November 2018, SMX Aura Manila, Philippines
More information on our portfolio is available on and

For speaking, sponsoring, exhibiting and other branding opportunities, please contact us at or +65 65060965

Register your interest today!

Thanks ad regards,
Rizal Rahman
LNG World
LNG World | Tel: +65 6506 0965 | Email:

Friday, November 24, 2017

potato flakes.

Unnati Ventures

9:57 AM (7 minutes ago)
to me

I need potato flakes.

Can you provide me your best quote for 20 feet and 40 feet container for potato flakes.

Please provide specification also.

Your early response will be appreciated.


Ranjana Gupta

SundaraRajan Margabandhu

10:02 AM (1 minute ago)
to Unnati
Good to know that you are buying  potato flakes
Before that check your knowledge of the subject
Read these articles:
i) FDA Guide
ii) Project data base

Monday, October 30, 2017

Don’t miss the opportunity to attend ICHCA 2018

Dear Colleagues,
It is a little under 4 months before the inaugural meeting of the First International Congress of Hypertension in Children and Adolescents, and considerable interest has been generated. The scientific committee has finalised the programme and pleased to announce that an international faculty of the highest calibre has been assembled. Topics will range from overview of the challenges, epidemiology, blood pressure measurement, pathogenesis, assessment of target organ damage, risk profiling, comorbidities, diagnosis, treatment, guidelines and assessment of secondary causes.
This congress is aimed to an important scientific and clinical need. Hypertension in children and adolescents is becoming increasingly prevalent throughout the world. In a recent systematic review from Africa the prevalence of hypertension and slightly elevated BP was 5.5% and 12.7% respectively, and overweight and obesity were important risk factors. (Lancet Public Health 2017; 2: e375–86). These findings have major implications for health systems as these young people are likely to track to adult hypertension with all its attendant complications of premature cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal diseases.
Accurate diagnosis of hypertension is also crucial, and accurate measurement of BP and interpretation is essential. In this regard the congress will be offering a practical workshop, and simplified methods for interpretation of BP. 
Identification of children and adolescents at risk for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease is also critically important. Understanding the pathogenesis and implementing preventative strategies are essential to prevent progressive target organ damage. Insights into the pathogenesis and causes of hypertension in young people will be presented by leading experts.
Another key component of the congress is the exchange of scientific information, and scientists and clinicians are urged to submit their research to the Scientific Committee for consideration for either oral or poster presentation.
We are looking forward to your participation at the inaugural congress and meeting you in Valencia.
Professor Brian Rayner
Congress Chair
Register today and SAVE by qualifying for the early bird registration fee.
International Congress of Hypertension in Children and Adolescents
International Congress of Hypertension
in Children and Adolescents (ICHCA 2018) 
All rights reserved.

Friday, September 15, 2017


Dear Sir / Madam,
Greetings !!

Kindly share your best price in INR + GST  for the following material :-

Name :- Phytosterols

Quantity :- 10 MT

Also check Availability and share lead time for delivery, COA and Payment terms.

Your prompt reply will be appreciated.
Thanks & Regards,
Mihir Panchal.
Parth Antibiotics Pvt Ltd
Tel        : 0091-22-2562 8348

Email   :
Url       :

Monday, August 7, 2017

Webinar on Filing of GSTR 3B Returns Department

Dear Sir/Madam,

  1. As you are aware that GSTR-3B return, has been made available to taxpayers on GST Portal for filing, from 5thof August, 2017.  Last date for filing of GSTR-3B return for the month of July, 2017, is 20th August and for the month of August, 2017, is 20th September, 2017.

  1. For education of taxpayers, a webinar is scheduled on GSTR- 3B, on 9th Aug 2017 at 02:30 PM IST (in English/ Hindi), as per details below:

  1. Webinar Topic:  "Filing of GSTR 3B Returns"

  1. Webinar coverage: Brief overview of GSTR-3B Return, process of filing of GSTR-3B Return, Questions and answers session.

  1. Click here for the webinar registration link

  1. The webinar is provisioned as first come first serve basis. If you are unable to access the webinar you may watch it at:

  1. Speakers for webinar, on 9th Aug 2017 at 02:30 PM IST is Shri Shashi Bhushan Singh, Vice President (Services), GSTN

Thanking You,


Sunday, July 9, 2017

World Cloves Market

World Cloves Market Would Remain Firm and Speculative During 2017
Indonesia: Indonesia was producing consecutive 2 years of good crops during 2015 / 2016
During 2015 Indonesia Produced around 100,000 Metric Tons and During 2016 Indonesia Crop Production was around 80,000 Metric Tons. Due to adverse weather conditions, heavy rainfalls with thunder storms due to La Nina climatic conditions in January, February and March 2017 and further erratic rain falls with thunderstorm during April 2017 (flowering Season of Cloves Buds), adverse weather has effected the upcoming crop severely during the flowering season (unopened flowers / ripped clove buds) as Clove trees require a warm, tropical climate with an average rainfall of at least 1500 mm per year. Clove trees are very susceptible to stress. Producing areas that undergo a dry season are good for flowering but the current weather phenomena are extremely harmful for the coming crop of 2017. Moreover the cloves production has a crop cycle of three years, so as the two last years were good in Indonesia, the coming crop usually harvested during June - July which is delayed till September 2017 will definitively be small. Botanically its known that when trees lose their leaves, they become weak, so the quantity of flowers will be smaller for the coming years, which means less clove bud. As a result of above analysis of previous weather conditions of heavy rainfalls with thunderstorm during previous 1st Half of in main producing regions of North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, East Java and West Java that the next Indonesian clove crops will be impacted for at least two coming years.
Indonesia being the largest producer of Cloves is also the largest consumer in the world. Indonesia consumes around 90% of its own cloves production. The estimated Clove consumption in Indonesia during 2016 was around 80,000 Metric Tons to produce 450 Billion Cigarette Sticks commonly known as Kreteks, manufactured by 714 Small and Large Scale industries. Kreteks are manufactured by Minced dried clove buds weighing about 1/3 of the tobacco blend. Kretek manufacturers are also important source of tax revenue, sending USD12.91 Billion into State Coffers last year, the third-largest contributor of any industry in Indonesia. Consumption of Kreteks is also increasing 5% annually as per World Health Organization report of 2017. Taxation of figure of USD12 Billion proves that Kretek Industry can pay any extent of price to acquire Cloves for manufacturing of Kretek Cigarettes.
During August 2016 till November 2016 Cloves prices plummeted to the levels of IDR75,000 per Kilo at bush levels but started to rise during December 2016 and till now have risen to the levels of IDR135,000  - IDR150,000 per kg at bush levels. Whereas the farmers cost after drying the Cloves Bud is same as today’s prevailing prices , which would be moving up during  2nd Half of 2017 as farmers would be reluctant to sell at these prevailing levels as there is good export demands from other consuming countries, mainly Middle East, Europe, Russia, China and South East Asia. Beside that local kretek manufacturers are also willing to bulk quantities but are also afraid to increase their buying prices too rapidly to avoid panic in the market, but slowly and gradually they have increased their buying prices upto IDR135,000 – USD10.00 per KG. But we firmly believe it’s the right time to enter otherwise opportunity would be left behind for the bulk consumers. We firmly expect the farm level prices to reach at least IDR200,000 during 2nd Half of 2017.

Beside relying solely on the buying spree from the Kretek Manufacturers, Clove producers and associations have also focused on exports markets. During end of last year 2016 the offers were seen at USD7.50 Per Kg which has now increased up to USD11.00 Per Kg for Exports. Further increase of minimum USD3.00 – USD5.00 per Kg is expected during 2nd Half of 2017. Since, August 2016 till December 2016 Indonesia was the most expensive origin in export markets, even though the dynamics were not bleak for exports. As Indonesian Cloves obtains most premiums in all markets due to its beautiful color, more commonly known as Lal Pari (Red Fairy) in International markets. Market fundamental seems to be bullish for the entire year of 2017, looking festive seasons ahead even before the start of new crop, even though the new crop of 2017 which is also expected to be short by around 70% overall from Indonesia and harvest expected to be delayed as well till August 2017. Further strengthening of the prices cannot be ruled out. As Northern Indonesia would be producing around 20% of the normal crop whereas Southern Indonesia would be producing merely 30% of the normal crop harvested in comparison to last year. So the cumulative shortage is expected to be around 70-80% of the normal and the expected crop size from Indonesia would not be more than maximum 20,000 – 25,000 Tons during the current year crop 2017.

Madagascar: Madagascar crop for the year 2016 was around 9,000 Metric Tons and the crop started during October 2016. Madagascar export market is mainly focused on India due to preferential trade agreements; India is usually buying around 6,000 – 8,000 Metric Tons annually solely from Madagascar against India’s total consumption of around 18,000 – 20,000 Metric Tons. But due to de-monetization implemented during early November 2016, local markets in Madagascar plummeted due to lack of Indian buyers. Madagascar export prices touched the bottom of USD6.50 per kilo during November / December 2016. During the beginning of 2017 sudden buying spree was felt mostly from the Indian buyers as their local stocks were consumed and the market felt a local supply crunch. Madagascar Exporters have regularly increased their prices of late since January 2017 as most of them made big losses at the start of the season, when they did contracts at USD6.50 – 6.80 per kilo FOB during November / December 2016.
Currently exporters are offering prices around USD9.00 – USD9.50 per Kg CNF during July 2017. Several exporters maintain to expect a better price this year. As almost 8,000 Metric Tons have been shipped from Madagascar since October 2016 till date to Europe, Russia, Middle East, North Africa, China and Indian Subcontinents including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
As per stance obtained by exporters in Madagascar, the prices will not any more match the one requested by the buyers, who are expecting prices below USD8.50 per Kg FOB as very less carry forward of around maximum 1,000 1,500 Metric Tons is left with local middle men and exporters in Madagascar till filing of this report in July 2017. Madagascar exporters are expecting to see the Singaporean buyers to enter strongly in the market to supply the potentially short Indonesian market. The quantity of headless cloves is increasing regularly in crude cloves brought by collectors since January, which impacts the export quality parameters. Beside Indian buying spree, other factors effecting Madagascar Cloves is the entrance of Chinese buyers in Madagascar as they are quite used to shipping out bush quality cloves and finalizing the products in China, which makes the cost price even lower for them. As China is also an emerging buyer of Madagascar and Comoros Cloves since last 5 years.
Comoros: In Comoros, the crop is delayed with less availability expectations. Farmers are reluctant to sell as the maximum availability is expected NOT to increase more than 2,500 – 3,000 Metric Tons. Indian and Chinese demand is expected to observe the availability from Comoros Cloves. Chinese underlying demand for medicinal herbs is around 10,000 Metric tons which is increasing annually around 10% whereas availability is limited and the stocks are in the hands of collectors, who are asking for similar prices to be those from Madagascar. However, the quality of the Comoros cloves due to high moisture content is not as good as that seen in the current goods from Madagascar Cloves shipped during the last crop.

Brazil: Brazil had an exceptionally good crop of around 5,000 Metric Tons, which have been mainly bought by US, South America, Europe, Middle East, Russia, North Africa, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Currently there are no more offers directly from Brazilian Exporters. Headless Cloves with the ratio of 60% are currently available for direct shipments from Brazil. Good quality ready cargoes can be obtained from Singapore and Dubai at USD8.00 per Kg upto USD8.50 per kg and it can be considered as good buy option for grinders.

India: Indian market touched INR-665.00 per kilo for good quality Madagascar Cloves but recently it has decreased to INR-625.00 due to the arrivals of low priced contract shipments and prevailing GST issues. We strongly prefer new entrants to enter the market at the levels of INR 610.00 – 620.00 per kilo, once the profit taking is over. As, no ample availability is foreseen ahead till the start of new Madagascar crop in October 2017. During July and August 2017 Comoros Crop would be available but that too in limited quantities of around 2,500 – 3,000 Metric Tons, which would be absorbed immediately.

Prolonged Tightness Ahead
Cloves market expects to remain tight for a long time due to a number of factors:-
1)  Less crop forecasted for Indonesia against its annual consumption of minimum 100,000 Metric Tons due to erratic rains with thunder storms and adverse weather conditions ( La Nina) during Jan / Feb / Mar / Apr / May 2017.  The main Cloves flowering season occurs during these months Jan till April.
2)  Zanzibar had a small crop this year and some Indian buyers have purchased Zanzibar cloves at prices of up to USD9,200 PMT India. Currently, ZSTC is reluctant to offer.
3) India still needs to cover another at least 8,000 Metric Tons beside other consuming countries also need to replenish their stocks by end of July / August / September 2017 due to forthcoming festival seasons and Winter Season would be followed after Festival Season. South East Asian demand would be on the rise due to Eid festival season starting from September 2017 onwards.
4) Basic Botanical reasons of wetter weather conditions and Clove crop cycle of consecutive 2 years of good crop.
5) The next crop in Madagascar and Brazil will be also small with a "low" quality because the next crop will be small as after two good crops and cyclone aftermath hitting Northern producing region in early March 2017.
6) The Malagasy and Comoros packers are convinced the market will rise in the coming months due to the potential small crop in Indonesia. In addition, they expect to see the Indian buyers coming back. Foreseeing buyers from Singapore to enter strongly in the market to supply the potential scarcity in Indonesian market.
Currently, we advice potential consumers to cover themselves till October 2017, as it seems still cheaper to buy from resellers and from certain local traders, who might still have long positions and looking forward to book their profits on low price contracts being received at destination. As arrivals would be completely subdued by end of June 2017.

Potential Proven Past Botanical Reasons as per Cloves Crop Cycle.
Cloves Prices Started to Increase in 2008 due to Lower 2008 Crop then 2009 and 2010 were normal crop years.
Cloves Prices Started to Increase in 2011 due to Lower 2011 Crop then 2012 and 2013 were normal crop years.
Cloves Prices Started to Increase in 2014 due to Lower 2014 Crop then 2015 and 2016 were normal crop years.
Cloves Prices Started to Increase in 2017 ---- History is repeating itself.
Its 2017, so please prepare yourself for high tides!!! Wish you best luck and prosperous 2017 Crop Year.
The Author of this Report: Mr. James Mathew
Or Email us for daily updates:

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Hospital Uses Leeches to Heal Patients

“Waste Management” seminar

Dear Sir,
Greetings from TFSC!!
TFSC is a collaborative venture between Tamil Nadu Small and Tiny Industries Association and Friedrich Naumann Stiftung fur die Freiheit, Germany, established to set up and promote Small and Medium Enterprises, since 1992. We organize capacity building programmes for the SMEs both on skill development and also on Managerial on topics of relevance every now and then. 
TFSC is organizing a one day training programme on “Waste Management”, at  FNF HALL, 2nd Floor, 10, G .S .T. Road, Guindy, Chennai- 600 032. 

Objective of the programme:

To make participants aware of the importance of segregation of waste, Storage method  applicable regulatory requirements on waste disposal and scientific method of waste disposal.


        The concept sharing would be facilitated through structured presentation, interactive sessions, videos, and Q&A for proper understanding. 

a. Municipal Solid Waste.
b. Bio Medical Waste.
c. E-Waste.
d. Industrial Waste
e. Plastic Waste
f. Construction and Demolition Waste
g. Food Waste

a. Hazardous & other waste management and trans boundary movement Rules 2016
b. Plastic & waste management Rules 2016
c. E-Waste Management Rules 2016
d. Construction & Demolition waste management Rule 2016.
e. Solid Waste Management Rules 2016
f. Bio Medical Waste Management Rules 2016

a. Hierarchy of waste management
b .Industrial waste management
c. Plastic waste management
d. Food waste management
e. E-waste management
f. Bio- Medical waste management
Target Group:
         Engineers, ISO-System coordinators, Managers, Safety Engineers and Managers and HR professionals, Consultants.

1. Types of waste
2. Awareness of the compliance requirements of all wastes.
3. Methodology of segregation and creation of wealth out waste
4. Disposal requirements

“Seminar on Waste Management”
One Day  on 26th May,  2017
 Timings : (10:00am to 5:00 pm
)/Registration:  (09:00 am –9.30a.m)
FNF Hall,  2nd Floor, No.10, G.S.T. Road, Guindy,  Chennai – 600032, (Land Mark: Above Indian Overseas Bank and Opposite to Sangeetha Veg Restaurant )
Rs. 2000/- per participant, Inclusive of Lunch, 2 tea breaks, Training Materials & Handouts. (Payment can be made by cash/DD/Cheque favoring TANSTIA - FNF Service Centre, Chennai.)
 Thanking you,
With warm regards, 
K. Manoj kumar 
Manager  – Training
B-22,Industrial Estate,
Guindy,Chennai – 600 032
Mob: 97890 60133
Phone-044-22501451, 43534040

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

colloidal silica

Dear sir,
I have one sample of colloidal silica and I want to make same product but I do not know that sample is making from which process.There are different type of methods to manufacturing colloidal silica. I want to make vitrified tiles coating colloidal silica.So give me more information on it to which process is good for making vitrified tiles coating colloidal silica or have you complete plant for vitrified tiles coating?
How many rupess for complete information for vitrified tiles coating of colloidal silica?
Reply me 

Dear Sir
Glad to see your mail, thank you
The project information we offer is described at
To know how to buy the data base, please see

300 KGS of alkaline batteries

Dear Sir
NICE talking to you, thanks for the mail
We sell information as explained at
We have no interest in buying your used Batteries
http //
Reply this mail
cell 9940043898
Dear sir/madam
We have near about 300 KGS of alkaline batteries which are used in our operational instruments...
So that we want sell or dispose those batteries.. 

MGO Project

.i am living in costal area where i can establish this project so that I am interesting in establish Magnesium oxide producing plant from seawater in gujarat region, so that i required the following details i.e:-

1- Land required for project.(machinery set up, warehouse, storage, office premises,load-unload spaces,etc.)

2- List of equipment required with the capacity

3- Project cost with the capital required to run wealthy

4- loan availability and govt. subsidiary.( include project report)

5- manpower

6- electricity

7- steel structure

8- vehicles

9- laboratory set up( equipment, QA,  etc)

apart from above ,percentage of yield, purity of product, further purification process required, production capacity,by product market, product margins calculation,complete set up of project etc etc.
   so i am waiting for your reply on this project, if any thing went wrong correct myself,